Diabetes has many complications like complications related to eyes, heart, kidneys etc. But the most common and threatening complication is a DIABETIC FOOT. The maximum number of hospital admissions in diabetics are due to foot problems and not because of heart and kidney ailments.
- Uncontrolled Blood
- Sugar Levels
- Peripheral Neuropathy
An ulcer is a break in the skin that penetrates to deeper layers. If the ulcer is not treated properly, or if circulation is impaired, it may not heal. Continued walking on the foot further prevents the ulcer from healing. The ulcer can become infected and progress to the point where it threatens the foot or leg. Changes in the bones, ligaments and joints of the foot can also occur in people with diabetes, and may result in collapse of the foot.
- Diabetic ulcers – the loss of skin and subcutaneous tissue over areas of pressure.
- Neuropathy – loss of sensation due to damage to peripheral nerves
- Charcot joint disease – Severe destructive joint changes to the neuropathic foot
- Diabetic osteolysis – the resorbtion of bone, especially of the forefoot bones
- Osteomyelitis – infection of bone, usually from an overlying skin ulcer
- Amputation of foot or leg due to severe infection